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Understanding Burn Care


Additional Resources

Fire Fighter Burn Injuries












  • First Responder Guide to Burn Injury Assessment & Treatment, The International Association of Fire Fighters, DC FireFighter Burn Foundation, American Burn Association, 2013


  • "It happened in seconds” Firefighter Burn Injury Awareness Training Program, The International Association of Fire Fighters, DC FireFighter Burn Foundation, pg. 20


  • Berkowitz WR, Woolf T. The Spirit of the Coalition.  Washington, DC:  American Public Health Association, 2000.


  • Butterfoss FD.  Ignite:  Getting Your Community Coalition “Fired Up” for Change, Bloomington, IN:  AuthorHouse, 2013.


  • Cohen L, Baer N, Satterwhite P.  Developing effective coalitions:  an eight step guide. In Wurzbach ME, ed. Community Health Education & Promotion:  A Guide to Program Design and Evaluation.  2nd ed. Gaithersburg, MD:  Aspen Publishers, Inc., 2—2, 144-161.

Pre-Planning & Developing SOGs

Emergency Care for Burns

Due to the specialized care that burn injuries require, there are educational training programs available to professionals to advance their knowledge. The ABA’s Advanced Burn Life Support (ABLS) program provides knowledge for immediate care of the burn patient up to the first 24 hours post injury.  ABLS programs support emergency preparedness, mass casualty incidents focusing on triage, burn survivability, and prioritizing transport of patients and patient treatment.


There are three ABLS program options offered:

    • ABLS Provider Course Live©:  Live, hands-on course designed to provide the "how-to" of emergency care of the burn patient.
    • ABLS Now©:  Convenient online course providing burn injury training and education for busy first responders and health care providers.
    • ABLS Handbook©:  The go-to-reference guide for comprehensive information on immediate care through the first 24 hours post-burn injury.



The following link provides an example of the New York City Fire Departments’ burn care protocol:

Burn Centers & Telemedicine

  • Acute Burn Care, Chapter 12 p. 596-631:




  • See Appendix X:  Patient Bill of Rights


  • See Appendix X:  What Patients and/or Family Members Need to Know and Ask


  • Practice Guidelines for Burn Care:


  • UW Medicine:


  • World Health Organization:


  • Guidelines for the Operation of Burn Centers:


  • Provincial clinical practice guidelines for the management of major burn trauma:


  • Resources for Optimal Patient Care of the Injured Patient (ACEP) Chapter 14


  • ABA ABLS program

Prevention & Education

Prevention Materials Organized by Mechanism of Injury


Scald burns (from hot water, other liquids, and steam) comprise more than 1/3 of overall burn injuries admitted to U.S. burn centers. However, 62% of these occur to  children less than 5 years old.



Fire and Flame



Burn Prevention Materials Organized by Prevention Messages


World Health Organization (WHO):


Arson and Intentional Fires


Burn Awareness Week


Burn First Aid


Campus and Dorm Fires


Carbon Monoxide


Cooking Safety


Emergency Preparedness


Fire Extinguishers


Fire Prevention Week


Gas Fireplaces


Gasoline Safety


Hoarding and Fire Safety


Home Escape Plans


Home Fire Sprinklers


Home Oxygen Safety


Multiple Languages


Rural Fire Safety


Safety in the Home

• American Red Cross (ARC): Home Fire Safety Checklist

• United States Fire Administration (USFA): After a Home Fire

• American Red Cross (ARC): Prevent Home Fires

• Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC): Household Extension Cords Can Cause a Fire

• Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC): Overheated Clothes Dryers Can Cause Fires

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Home Heating Safety

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Portable Generators Fires

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Portable Fireplaces Safety

• Vision 20/20: Fire safety apps iTunes and Google Play


Seasonal Fire Safety

• American Burn Association (ABA):  Campfire Safety

• National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): Fire Safety for the Holidays: Christmas Tree Fires

• American Burn Association (ABA):  Fire Works: Leave the Show for Pros

• American Burn Association (ABA):  Frostbite/Hypothermia

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): NFPA Outdoor Fire Safety (Grilling, Lightning, Outdoor Entertaining, Wildland Fires)

• Safe Kids Worldwide: Fireworks Safety Tips

• American Burn Association (ABA):  Summer Burn Safety

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Winter, Halloween, Fireworks and Thanksgiving


Smoke Alarms

• Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC): Home Fire Safety Guide

• Vision 20/20:  Generate smoke alarm materials, Materials Generator

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Smoke Alarms

• American Red Cross (ARC): Prepare for Home Fires

• United States Fire Administration (USFA): Smoke Alarms

• Vision 20/20: Fire safety apps iTunes and Google Play


Vehicle Fires

• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Vehicle Fires


Youth Firesetting Prevention

• American Burn Association (ABA): Youth Firesetting Prevention

• International Association of FireFighters (IAFF): YFIRES – Youth Firesetting Information Repository and Evaluation System

Sean’s Story National Youth Firesetting Prevention and Intervention Toolkit

• United States Fire Administration (USFA):


World Health Organization.  The Global Burden of Disease:  2004 Update. WHO Geneva 2008

Linares AZ, Linares HA.  Burn Prevention” the need for a comprehensive approach.  Burns 1990;16:281




Burn Foundations